Many gardeners buy and even grow vegetables that our ancestors ate. New tastes and types take us back to the era of the past. A variety of plant varieties that were grown in the past can be revived today in your garden.
The plant has many names: Jerusalem artichoke, earthen pear, and the official one is tuberous sunflower. Outwardly, it looks like an ordinary sunflower, and the tubers taste like sweet raw potatoes. The fruits are very useful: they have a positive effect on digestion, are used to reduce weight, strengthen joints and blood vessels.
They ate an earthen pear in Russia raw, boiled and fried - in any form. Now it grows almost like a weed, and many do not even know about the beneficial properties of this crop.
An ancient vegetable culture is the rapunzel bell. The roots of this plant were used for food in Russia. The fleshy long roots were dug up and boiled like turnips, and salads were prepared from them. They are sweetish and have a nutty flavor.
Traditional medicine recommends using a decoction of the roots for sore throat, skin diseases. Now you can find this plant as ornamental, but it is no longer used for food, since its properties are forgotten and few people know about it.
The vegetable is a relative of cabbage, but in appearance it resembles a turnip. In the past, rutabaga was grown in every vegetable garden, eaten raw, boiled, stewed, fried, added to salads. Its pulp is softer than that of turnip, it contains many vitamins and healthy salts.
Regular use of swede normalizes intestinal activity, removes toxins from the body. She is still very popular in Germany and England. In Russia, the culture is undeservedly forgotten and is grown very rarely. Its use may have dropped dramatically with the introduction of potatoes.
Rhubarb has sweet petioles that taste like apples. In the 18th century, it was grown quite widely. Young petioles are beneficial due to the high content of organic acids, carotene, mineral salts and vitamins. They can be cut as early as mid-May, when other vegetables are not yet ripe.
Rhubarb was used to prepare compotes, jelly, jam, kvass and beetroot, and baked pies. Recently, the plant turned out to be undeservedly forgotten, it is not grown so often.
The name chervil translates as a fragrant herb. It is similar in appearance to parsley and has been used both as a spice and as a medicinal plant. It was added to taste as a seasoning in salads and sauces, appreciated for its high content of vitamins, essential oils, delicate aroma of anise, parsley and mint.
It is not difficult to grow chervil in the garden, it can even be planted in a pot on the windowsill. But you need to be careful: in appearance, the plant looks like a poisonous hemlock and a little resembles poisonous milestones. It is very easy for an inexperienced person to confuse them. Perhaps that is why chervil almost ceased to be grown.
Fruit and ornamental shrub, grown as a hedge, has a second name - prickly plum. The fruits are tart, sour. Tea was made from the leaves of thorns, an antipyretic medicine was prepared from the bark, the berries were eaten raw or jam was made. But its seeds contain a strong poison, and berries can cause allergies.
The plant is unpretentious, tolerates droughts and frosts. The thorn is a wonderful honey plant. And as a hedge, it is simply irreplaceable, hardly anyone is able to walk through its thickets.
He also has disadvantages, which have become the reason that rarely anyone plants a bush in their area. Thorns are very thorny and can be easily injured by thorns. This makes it difficult to care for it and harvest. The fruits are very tart and sour, so most people prefer to plant sweeter crops.
The vegetable was also called white carrots. This name helps to understand the taste of the root vegetable. Parsnip has collected several garden plants in himself. Its root is similar to carrots in taste and appearance, the leaves resemble parsley and celery, and it blooms like dill.
In ancient times, the vegetable was widely used as a seasoning for soups, pickles and pickles. Due to the high content of nutrients, parsnips were also used in folk medicine, they were even equated with ginseng. After all, it contains a lot of silicon, manganese, copper, vitamins of group B, C and K.
Although it is unpretentious to care, like carrots, it is now rarely grown. Few people know what parsnip is with, and even when sowing it is capricious - the seeds have a low germination capacity and are stored for only a year.
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Remembering biology lessons at school, everyone understands that plants need sunlight. Thanks to the influence of light, the process of photosynthesis takes place.
If there is no light, this process stops, and the plant simply dies. But do all plants love constant exposure to the sun?
There are several plants that are more comfortable to grow in the shade, and it is these that everyone should learn about.
Consider why the compatibility of plants on the site is so useful. It allows you to:
In order to correctly place crops on the site, it is enough to use a special table of their compatibility. It includes all known plants that are popular with gardeners.
This knowledge is especially useful if the plot size is small. Then you can do joint plantings and plant each bed tightly.
It is important to take care of which plants coexist most favorably side by side. For example, if you want to plant carrots, then sow them in the center of the ridge.
Then plant cabbage seedlings along the edge. Or if the cabbage is already planted in the center, then beets can be sown along the edge.
For convenience, draw up a diagram of the beds. Place crops in the neighborhood that need similar growing conditions and will benefit each other.
By checking your planting plan against the compatibility chart, you will organize everything correctly and get a good and high-quality harvest.
Some plants can oppress neighboring crops, or, on the contrary, contribute to their growth and development. There are those that are able to scare away harmful insects or extract nitrogen from the soil. Let's talk about which garden plants can be grown nearby and which cannot.
Roses and garlic coexist perfectly side by side: phytoncides and the aroma of onion culture protect roses from harmful insects.
In the photo: Roses
Marigolds are the best remedy for nematodes in a melon bed.
Zucchini and cucumbers will be reliably protected from pests if nasturtiums are planted around the perimeter of the garden.
Sweet peppers can be protected from beetles by planting amaranth between the rows.
Lupine and tobacco have a beneficial effect on each other: lupine candles become juicier and brighter, and tobacco leaves grow much faster.
In the photo: Lupine
Beans, braiding the corn, also protect it from pests.
Plant spinach and radishes in the same garden to keep them healthy and free from insects.
If you plant alissum between the rows of potatoes, the flower will collect all the beetles, and they will not spoil your harvest.
Tomatoes grown on a cabbage bed will scare away leaf-eating pests from it.
Low-growing varieties of zinnia, whose nectar has a strong aroma, will help protect cabbage from parasites.
In the photo: Zinnia
Now let's talk about plant compatibility in general:
When planning plantings, you need to take into account the properties of plants and remember that representatives of the same family growing before, after or next to them suffer from the same diseases and need the same nutrients, therefore they take them away from each other.
And if planted next to a potato field tomato or eggplant, then instead of these nightshades you will receive only an exceptional harvest of Colorado beetles and late blight as a bonus.
Garlic, and all legumes - horse beans, soy, beans, peas, chiyu - it is better to plant between rows, but it must be borne in mind that climbing crops tend to creep. If you plant curly legumes along the rows corn, problems should not arise, but on tomato beds they will braid all the bushes and can provoke the development of phytophthora.
In the photo: Arrangement of beds
It is advisable to divide the entire garden into blocks and arrange plantings of partner plants in each: on one - beets, potatoes and carrot, and greens - parsley, spinach, dill, salad and sorrel - sow in another block or between bushes melonb or watermelons, eg. Cucumbersthat take up a lot of space and require a garter, it is better to plant separately, as well as tomato, which is desirable to grow as far away from any other crop as possible.
In the photo: Creating beds
And what is very important: do not plant the same crops in one place from year to year, as this over time will lead to loss of yield, depletion of the soil and the accumulation of pathogens and pest larvae in it. When the supply of an element necessary for a plant in the soil is depleted, the roots will begin to look for a replacement for it, and it is not always safe: with a deficiency of calcium in the soil, for example, the plant begins to consume radioactive potassium 40 instead, and you can only imagine how this will affect your health. Therefore, every year, swap the cultures in places, calculating the best option for each of them.
Not all plants require maintenance. =)
Black and red currants do not require maintenance, although the yield is high.
We also have onions growing in our country house. It just grows from year to year. I don't know what it's called.
And gooseberries. It grows without any care. Tasty.
We grow well rhubarb, the snow does not have time to melt, sprouts are already appearing. Self-seeding parsnips grow throughout the garden, my husband is angry, sometimes secretly writhing from me) If you plant parsnips yourself, then it does not grow so large, but it is very good by self-seeding, you just need to weed out the excess. Last year we planted "Saksa without fiber" beans in one hole with potatoes, planted beans together with tomatoes, separately, as well as at different times - as a result, all summer and autumn, without waiting for the beans to fully ripen, we plucked it and crumbled it into first and second courses with pods. It is very tasty and healthy (especially for diabetics).