A delicate early tomato variety with the romantic name Valentine has been in the arsenal of gardeners for twenty years. During this time, neither the expansion of foreign hybrids, nor the successes of Russian breeding science ousted Valentina from the tomato Olympus.
The Valentina variety takes its rightful place among the best early tomatoes. He was taken out by scientists from the Institute of General Genetics. N.I. Vavilov at the end of the last century. The variety was included in the State Register in 1998 for cultivation in open ground in garden plots and in small farms or household plots in all regions. Besides Russia, tomato is successfully cultivated in Moldova and Ukraine.
The bushes of this tomato are not tall, only 55-60 cm. They are weakly branched, semi-spreading, non-standard plants with not very intense foliage. Shoots need to be tied up. In the description of the variety there is a recommendation to pinch the bushes, but according to the observations of gardeners, this should not be done - as a result of pinching, the yield of the plant is significantly reduced.
The leaf is ordinary, slightly wrinkled, of medium size, light green. The peduncle is articulated. Flowers are collected in simple inflorescences. The first brush is laid over the seventh sheet, and the rest after 1-2 sheets.
Smooth, elongated-oval fruits hang on a stalk with an articulation
The fruits are small, oblong-oval, with a smooth surface. Unripe tomatoes are light green, ripe ones are orange-red. There are two seed nests in the fleshy pulp. The mass of one tomato is 82–86 g. Ripe tomatoes contain about 4–4.5% sugar, are rich in ascorbic and other organic acids, which give these tomatoes a rich taste. Therefore, the fruits of Valentine's tomato are good both fresh and in blanks. Salted and canned whole tomatoes in their own juice are especially successful.
When canning tomatoes, it is possible to preserve a little aromatic summer and the sweetness of your own harvest in jars
Plant of determinant type. The variety is early maturing. Less than 100 days after sprouting, the first valentine tomatoes come up. The use of fruits is universal. The variety is very productive. 345-439 quintals of high-quality tomatoes are harvested from one hectare. The marketability of fruits reaches 94–97%.
Valentine's tomatoes are smooth and beautiful. The output of marketable products is almost 100%
Like other early tomatoes, Valentina has time to fructify before late blight develops. In comparison with other tomatoes, Valentina is also in an advantageous position due to its resistance to drought. This feature was appreciated by “weekend summer residents”.
Due to its low growth, the Valentine variety is recommended to be grown in open ground or under film shelters. For this, a seedling cultivation method is used.
Sowing of seeds is started two months before the intended planting of seedlings. They are soaked in advance so that you can choose the strongest of those hatching and plant.
Knowing that the delicate root system of seedlings does not react well to diving, I try to immediately plant the hatched seeds in separate peat cups or seedling cassettes. For soaking, I take either a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate, or Fitosporin. It is possible to use growth stimulants such as Zircon or Epin-extra for the same purpose.
By planting seeds in a separate container, it is possible to avoid the stress of diving in plants
With the emergence of seedlings, the plants are provided with intense illumination so that the seedlings do not stretch out.
Hardening tomato seedlings is necessary for the adaptation of plants to external conditions
Planting seedlings in open ground is carried out when the threat of frost has passed
My neighbor taught me not to water the seedlings a day or two before planting. So the plants are less injured. Another trick: leaning. If for some reason it is not possible to plant tomatoes in time and the plants stretch out, they are planted not vertically, but almost horizontally. And weak shoots do not suffer under the gusts of wind, and additional roots appear.
1 m2 you need to dig no more than 7-9 holes. They are arranged according to the 50x40 cm scheme. Valentine's tomato is fruitful, so you first need to fill the planting hole well. Do not get carried away with organic fertilizers, especially manure. Excess nitrogen can provoke late blight, so it is recommended to plant tomatoes after zucchini and cucumbers that consume a lot of nitrogen. But superphosphate (1 tbsp. L.) And organic potassium (200 ml of ash) will bring significant benefits to tomatoes. This mixture is mixed with soil and the roots of the seedlings are covered. After that, each hole should be poured with heated water, so as not to leave voids and mulch with freshly cut grass. Pegs are driven into each hole immediately, so as not to injure the roots of the tomato later.
Caring for plants is reduced to timely weeding, careful loosening of the surface layer of the soil, and regular watering. Depending on the weather, water is added every 5–7 days. However, Valentina tolerates small watering flaws in the tomato without damage. During the summer, you can mulch the tomatoes several more times. This will prevent excess moisture evaporation and protect the plant roots from overheating.
This tomato variety is for summer residents who want to get a reliable harvest of high-quality early tomatoes without unnecessary fuss and hassle.
Harvest and early Valentine's tomato does not require "dancing with tambourines" to bestow delicious fruits
Like the love messages of nature and summer, Valentine's early tomatoes herald the beginning of the tomato season.
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This variety was bred several decades ago, but at the beginning of this century, breeders began to improve the Valentine's tomato, as a result, its yield and taste of the fruit sharply increased.
The bushes of this variety are dense and compact, their height can reach 0.55-0.65 m. Valentine's tomato belongs to the early maturing varieties - from the moment the first sprouts appear until the harvest ripens, it usually takes about 3.5 months.
And those growers who grow this variety in greenhouse conditions say that stepchildren on seedlings should be removed in small quantities - then these tomatoes actively bear fruit throughout the season.
The bushes of this variety have a spreading shape, therefore, it is recommended to tie them up during the growth process so that the shoots do not break off under the weight of ripening fruits.
The shoots are weakly leafy, but this is not a sign that the plant has not been properly grown - this is just a feature of this variety. Another feature of Valentine's tomato is the color of the leaf plates - green with a yellowish tint. The foliage is slightly corrugated and looks more like potato leaf plates.
The first flowers appear at the level of 7-8 permanent leaves, then they are located after a couple of leaves up the stems. Usually flowers are collected in racemose inflorescences - up to 10-12 ovaries can form on one brush. The fruits of the first harvest are round in shape, while new ripening fruits are plum-shaped. In general, the fruits of this variety are small in size with a weight of about 85 g.
The pulp is very tasty, sweet and sour, slightly sugary, the skin is of medium density, not prone to cracking.
Up to 3 kg of ripe fruits are harvested from each bush, which is considered a good yield. Up to 7 bushes are grown per 1 m2, from which about 11-13 kg of ripe tomatoes are harvested.
The resistance of Valentine's tomato to the main diseases inherent in tomatoes is above average. The variety is quite resistant to short-term drought. But gardeners should not flood the bushes of this variety if they have not been watered for a week and a half, otherwise this vegetable crop can be harmed.
Tomato Valentine is called a plant for lazy people, because it is not picky about soil fertility, does not require pinching and regular feeding.
Explosion tomatoes are suitable for cultivation throughout Russia. They are also often planted in Moldova and Ukraine. A hybrid is grown in 2 ways:
With either method, seeds sprout quickly and tomatoes ripen early.
Seeds are disinfected before sowing for seedlings, washed and kept for about 6 hours in a Zircon preparation to stimulate plant growth.
It is recommended to sow seeds in open ground in May, the main thing is to avoid the threat of night frosts. Seedlings are sown for seedlings in April.
Important! The soil should be slightly acidic, light and well moistened.
Seeds can be sown in special peat containers with nutritious soil, which are then planted in the ground together with the seedlings. Thus, the root system is not injured and the seedlings take root faster.
The interval between the bushes is left at least 50 cm, and between the rows - about 40 cm.
Important! This variety must be pinned so that the fruit sets well. The timely collection of ripe tomatoes will stimulate the emergence of new fruits.
From the moment the first shoots form until the moment when the gardener can pick several ripe fruits from the bush, at least 90 days pass. In some cases, the growing season lasts 105–110 days. On the other hand, it is possible to shorten the ripening period. Experienced gardeners manage to do this simply. The gardener tomato is characterized by determinate bushes, which are compact. However, this variety can show the characteristics of a tall plant, reaching a height of 1.20 cm. There are tomato plants 60 cm each, they are decorated with light green leaves.
The culture is successfully developing in the open field, the plant demonstrates excellent growth and fruit formation in a greenhouse, a greenhouse. This is the best variety for farmers who do not want to waste time trimming the bush. Even compact, low bushes, it is advisable to tie up because of the large number of fruits that are tied on the numerous clusters of the plant.
Advice! People who have chosen the Ogorodnik tomato variety for commercial purposes are advised to carry out the formation of a pair of stems, which will allow several times more tomatoes to be harvested than in the usual cultivation of a crop in one stem.
The crop bears fruit in ideal weather conditions, with balanced care. In this case, farmers will be able to collect 10-15 kg of fruits from a square meter.
The plant forms fruits not only in large quantities, but also for a long time. After the first ripening wave, the next comes. There are fewer tomatoes each time, but overall, the overall yield is impressive. The culture will stop forming the ovary as soon as the first cold snap appears. The crop bears better in the south, but this does not mean that it is impossible to achieve success with cultivation in open ground, say, in the middle lane. Much in terms of yield depends on the farmer.
The fruit is characterized by the presence of a glossy beautiful skin. These are round, neat tomatoes with a rich red hue. Sweet and sour notes are palpable in the taste, the latter are not so pronounced. Tomatoes have a pleasant aroma, which allows you to make excellent juice from the fruit.
Tomatoes are dense and fleshy. In Ogorodnik tomatoes, given the characteristics, reviews and descriptions, the average number of chambers and some seeds that can be collected for use as planting material. The average weight of a tomato leaves 200-350 grams.
An early tomato is suitable for gardeners who want to grow good fruits in large quantities for sale. More and more farmers choose the Ogorodnik variety because of the ability of the bushes to bear large and beautiful fruits that do not deteriorate during transportation. The tightness and reliability of the skins guarantee the safety of the tomatoes. Tomatoes contain up to 5% dry matter, and the sugar content is 4%. The keeping quality is amazing, and the versatility of the fruit is another factor that can convince anyone to choose a variety for growing on the site.