Ardisia - Ardisia crenata


Ardisia is an evergreen shrub native to China and Eastern India. In the areas of origin it resembles a real tree with green leaves rather than growing alternately on the branches; the flowers of Ardisia are characterized by a light scent, have a star shape and are white in color tinged with red and grow together, making them similar to a panicle. The fruits of Ardisia are round berries of a bright and bright red, they last from June to the following autumn. Thanks to these very colorful berries, during the Christmas period, it is often bought as a replacement for the poinsettia. Ardisia is an ornamental, houseplant, which grows very slowly, in an erect way and with a short stem, in adulthood it can reach one meter in height.


There are many species of ardisia, but the main ones are: Ardisia Crispa or Crenata, Ardisia Humilis and Ardisia Solanacea. Ardisia Crispa is the most widespread species, it is the variety that is grown for gardens and apartments. It had its origin in China and India. It is the type of ardisia which is cultivated more frequently.The leaves have a pointed shape, wavy contours and a rather dark green color. It has delicately scented white flowers. Flowering occurs at the end of the spring season and the beginning of the summer one, the fruits reach ripeness in the autumn months. Ardisia Humilis is similar to Crispa but smaller in size and with pink flowers, the fruits are red berries which, over time, approaching ripeness, acquire a color tending to black. Ardisia Solanacea has light green leaves, shiny and black fruits, pink-violet flowers.


Ardisia needs a fertile soil consisting of peat and loam. It would also be advisable to add sand in order to facilitate the drainage of the water necessary for irrigation. It is important, in fact, that water stagnations do not form in the soil as the roots could easily develop rot.

Cultivation techniques

The ideal temperatures for Ardisia would be around 20 ° C in summer and about 15 ° C in winter, excessively hot or cold climates would cause the fall of leaves and fruit. Ardisia is a plant that loves heat and light very much, in summer it can be placed outside, being careful not to expose it to direct sunlight during days with scorching heat; in winter it would be advisable to keep it inside the house away from heaters and, possibly, near a window where light can enter. However, Ardisia is a plant that does not fear the cold, so it can be grown in the garden all year round, taking care, in the coldest periods, to cover the roots of the thinnest plants with straw.


The multiplication of ardisia occurs by seed or by cutting. The first is carried out in the spring season, a necessary element to make the seeds germinate is the high temperature which must remain constant at about 24-25 ° C, while in winter it will be advisable to lower it to 14-15 ° C, the soil must be rich of organic matter and humid. Be careful to place the Ardisia seeds at a minimum depth, about 4-5 millimeters. As we said in the previous paragraphs, this plant has a very slow growth, so don't worry if after a year your plants will have reached a height of 2-3 cm. As for the multiplication of Ardisia by cuttings, in the period between May and August, shoots about 8-10 cm long are taken not from the main branches, also taking care to detach a piece of bark, the cut must take place with a knife and obliquely. Now remove the leaves located in the lower part and plant the cuttings in a pot of about 7-8 cm in diameter, containing soil composed of peat and sand in equal measure, at this point we proceed with the watering and covering the cuttings with a plastic bag that will allow the temperature to remain constant. However, it is good to check the degree of humidity of the soil every day or every two. After 2-3 months the first shoots will appear, remove the plastic, let some time pass for the seedlings to become more robust, after this time repot in another larger pot or in the ground.

Fertilization and Irrigation

Ardisia must be fertilized from spring to late summer, a liquid fertilizer must be used mixed with the water used for watering, it must contain the right elements such as: Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Iron, Magnesium, Copper, Manganese, Zinc, Boron , Molybdenum, necessary for the correct growth of the plant. With regard to watering, during the warmer seasons, the ardisia plant should always be wet in order to keep the soil always moist, in the colder ones wet the plant anyway but being careful to proceed with a subsequent watering when the water has dried completely, with this correct behavior you will prevent the danger of water stagnation.


The pruning of the ardisia is carried out in the month of February until the beginning of spring, especially if the plant shows signs of weakening or if the branches have grown irregularly, thus giving it an unsightly impression; with a shears the branches of the Ardisia are cut about 7 cm from the base.

Diseases and Parasites

The greatest enemies of this plant are aphids and mealy cochineal, the first attack shoots and leaves, the second creates white spots on the berries with a consistency similar to cotton, the only remedy are pesticides or natural preparations based on water and Marseille soap to vaporize and then rinse thoroughly. Another remedy against aphids is a preparation based on garlic, which must be boiled in water; after filtering, it can be sprayed on plants affected by aphids.

Ardisie crantée (Ardisia crenata)

Genre: Ardisia
Espèce: crenata
Famille: Myrsinacées
Origin: Asie

The Ardisie crantée est un arbuste au port érigé et touffu et au feuillage persistant. Of a slow croissance, he measures 40 cm to 1,50 m for a diameter of 30 to 45 cm. Dans son milieu d'origine, elle peut mesurer jusqu'à 2 m de haut.
The floraison apparaît en été. Elle se compose de fleurs rosées parfumées et étoilées. Les fruits, décoratifs, apparaissent en automne ou en hiver. Ce sont des drupes rouges puis noires à maturité. Ils peuvent persister sur arbuste jusqu'à la floraison suivante, dans de bonnes conditions de culture.

L'exposition doit être lumineuse toute l'année. L'Ardisie crantée doit bénéficier de minimum quelques heures de soleil chaque jour.
Les températures idéales de culture se situent aux alentours de 10 et 20 ° C. Le mieux est de la cultiver at 15 ° C. Plus the fait chaud, plus the faudra augmenter l'humidité atmosphérique.
L'arrosage doit être fréquent. En été, le substrat doit être maintenu humide en permanence. En hiver, laissez sécher le substrat en surface entre deux arrosages.
Hors périodes de floraison, bassinez-la quotidiennement. Placez le pot sur une soucoupe remplie de galets humides. Pour l'arrosage comme pour le bassinage, utilisez toujours une eau non calcaire.

Les jeunes sujets se rempotent chaque année, au printemps. Lorsqu'il to attint a pot de 14 cm, useless de les rempoter, renouvelez-les par bouturage. Utilisez a mélange de terre de bruyère et de terreau à part égale.

© kenpei

© dick culbert

Latinsk navn: Ardisia crenata

Andre navn: Korallbær, julebær

Familie: Nøkleblomfamilien

Hardførhet: Tåler ikke frost

Opprinnelse: Asia

Utseende: Liten busk med stamme og blanke, mørkegrønne blader, røde bær under bladene


Lyst i romtemperatur. Ardisia tåler stueluft godt om den får nok lys. Om sommeren når sola er sterk bør den ikke stå rett i sola, om det blir for varmt vil den ikke utvikle nye blomster og bær.

Vann og gjødsel:

Jorda bør bli litt tørr mellom hver vanning, sånn at potta akkurat kjennes lett ut. Det må ikke bli stående vann i potta. Ardisia liker å bli dusjet når lufta er tørr.

Ardisia er ikke den mest næringskrevende planten, men bør få litt gjødsel en gang i måneden. Den trenger ikke gjødsel om vinteren.

Spesielle krav:

For at det skal komme blomster og nye bær bør den ikke stå alt for varmt om sommeren. Den bør skjermes mot den sterkeste alone.

Trenger den ompotting, bør det gjøres om våren eller sommeren, from den vokser fortest.


Ardisia kan formeres med stiklinger.


Ardisia selges vanligvis i desember med bær på. Bærene sitter lenge på planten, og den blomstrer om sommeren.


I noen deler av verden er Ardisia et veldig plagsomt ugress. Den er ikke vinterhardfør i Norge. Ardisia er ikke giftig for mennesker eller dyr, i følge den svenske giftinformasjonen.

Caring For Ardisia

The pale pink flowers of Ardisia elliptica are star-shaped. Source: Starr

To be truthful, these plants will practically take care of themselves. But if you’re trying to grow some, here’s a few hints that will make for the happiest Christmas berries ever!

Light and Temperature

Generally, the majority of coral berry plants prefer bright, but indirect lighting. Taller species may be able to take full sun in their natural environment. But most like partial shade as a general rule.

If you're growing yours indoors, provide plenty of indirect lighting for it. A bit of sunlight through a window won't hurt, either. If you've got it in a dim space, supplement with a grow light.

Temperature-wise, the ardisia plant is practically made for indoor temperatures. Ideal growing temps are from 60-90 degrees, and even better from 60-80. It grows outside in USDA zones 7-11, but may need protection from extreme heat. And it does poorly in temperatures below 45 degrees.

Water and Humidity

Watering too much or too little can be a problem for your ardisia plant. When too little, the leaves start to crisp up and turn brown at the tips. Too much, and you risk root rot!

The best solution is to keep your soil evenly moist at all times. If it's planted outdoors, using mulch to maintain soil moisture between waterings helps. Indoors, it's much easier to manage.

Initially, new growers should opt to water once a week. Check the plant regularly each day to get an estimate of how long it takes to dry out. If it gets dry quickly, increase your watering frequency.

Humidity around the plant may decrease the watering frequency, too. These plants can absorb some moisture from the air itself.

Be careful if you are growing it indoors over a tray. Don't allow there to be standing water in the tray for more than about fifteen minutes. You don't want to cause your soil to become waterlogged. Soil that’s too wet is a prime place for fungal diseases to develop.

The 'Chirimen' cultivar of Ardisia japonica looks like tiny cherries. Source: intheburg

Spice berry prefers well-draining soil. However, it's very adaptable and can tolerate all kinds of soil types. It even can take hard-packed clay!

Your ideal soil blend should have good moisture-retention qualities. You can amend it with compost or rich worm castings, or blend in a little coconut coir or peat moss. Don't err on the side of too much moisture. There should be good airflow, no compaction, and it should drain off excess water easily.

As for soil pH, ardisia crenata tends to prefer them slightly on the acidic side. The genus is pH adaptable, though. It will grow in neutral or slightly alkaline soils if those are what’s available. If you're not sure of your soil's pH, pick up a good pH test kit and check.

Growing these near other plants? Opt for a more neutral pH range if your other plants aren't acid lovers. Your spiceberry plant will survive.


Given its invasive qualities, it's pretty clear that this plant will stubbornly survive. Even if it’s not fertilized, it’ll keep growing.

Those of us who want it as a houseplant and thriving can give it encouragement, though! Your plant will thrive with monthly applications of a slow-release balanced fertilizer. Do this only in the spring and summer months. Don't fertilize in fall or winter.


Ardisia escallonioides fruit in different stages of ripeness. Source: Mary Keim

The coral ardisia propagates via three methods: seed, cuttings, or air layering.

Seeds for these plants tend to germinate well. There’s quite a few in each berry, and you can plant the entire berry. As the exterior breaks down, the seeds are sown and fertilized. Thin down to one plant per seedling pot as they germinate.

With cuttings, select a 6-8 ″ healthy, young segment. Trim it with sterilized pruning shears, and remove all but a few leaves at the top. You can dip it into your rooting hormone of choice and plant it. These will also develop roots if they’re set in a glass of water. And if you haven't done this method of propagation before, you can read up on how to care for cuttings.

Air layering is a bit more complex to explain. We’ve got a fantastic piece on how to air layer plants that’ll tell you the entire process!


As spring arrives, take a look at your plant. If it is starting to get rootbound, it may be time to repot it. Otherwise, leave it in its current pot until next year.

If it does need to be repotted, opt for a pot only one size larger than your current one. Remove the plant from its pot, making note of where the soil goes up to. Gently shake some of the old soil from its roots and loosen them with your fingertips.

Repot in the new pot in fresh, well-draining soil. Only cover to the depth it was at before. Water it in well, allowing excess to drain off.

Your used potting soil can be added to your compost pile. Alternately, blend it well with amendments to restore its life and reuse it.


Choose to prune in late winter or very early spring, before the plant develops new growth. You should focus on shaping your plant to your desired shape and keeping it in check. Christmas berry plants are slow growing.

As the flowers fade and berries start to form, you have another choice to make. If you want the berries to produce a pop of color in late fall to winter, leave them be. But if you want to reduce the chances of it spreading, use a clean pair of pruning shears to snip off the flowers.

Ardisia Crenata

Ardisia Crenata (CORAL BERRY)

Hello .. World! Today it feels beautiful environment that will flower seka my criticism of this plan. Coral BERRY is the name given to the people, including plants in the family group Myrsinaceae. I will give you all the information on the characteristics and the character of this plant. High plant is capable of reaching 2 meters. These plants mepunyai a white flower and berry fruit that is red light. Try to imagine you are not really beautiful… relaxed sitting together with family picnic under the tree this really fun.

February is the time to wait in the grass. Winter is not over with, and sometimes dazzling, sunny day with temperatures to 50’s tease us with the promise of spring. The land is all gray in reading and chocolate. You can see the red flush in the thickets along the lower margins of wood, however. The bright color comes from a small bunch of fruit clustered along the thin, arching derived from Coralberry.

This is interesting Honeysuckle family members of the public are along the eastern half of Kansas and the plant is a typical edge of the land. Leaves a simple, egg-shaped or oval and grow directly opposite each other on the stem. In the winter, you may see some of them are still hanging to the stem, as in the photo below. He has several cousins ​​in the genus Symphoricarpos and all this is often called “Snowberry” because the fruits are white in color. Coralberry have is unique in the red berries. Cousins ​​other similar in shape and layout leaves and the growth in their habits.
A close look at the berries shows how much they look like apples. If you collision between one finger, you may even see a faint smell of apples as a flake. But the similarities go far. Most people find that the flavor of coralberries very good. You better have a glass of water handy if you want to own!

So coralberries eat what? Various types of birds such as grouse, quail and various grosbeaks and thrushes utilize this food source. Black bears and wood rats are also known to eat them. However, not coralberries appears to be the special favorite of each of these animals. Generally leaves eaten by antelope, deer and other browsers during the growing season. This may be the origin of the name "Buckbrush."

Coralberry of interest can be seen in early July. They are small (

3 mm.) And the groups appear along the stem, as we expect to see how the fruit set.

Perhaps more important than the food value of fruit, good Coralberry served as a habitat for wildlife. The knee-high thickets provide nesting and escape cover for small mammals and birds. In addition, a number of stem structure, which collects Detritus, which attract insects and other small invertebrates, which in turn provide food for larger creatures such as land-feed the birds. Wandering cattle from the winter sparrows will often spend a very long time foraging in a thicket Coralberry.

Once established, Coralberry not need to reproduce the seeds of its own. He sends out lateral stems to 4 feet long, and then the roots grow into new groups. This is the runners who Your shoes limb and you travel when you try to walk through a thicket Coralberry.

A cloudy, gray day in February will eventually give way to frantic weather of March. In the meantime, we have the opportunity to see “in” the habitat of the dead from view by the leaves during the growing season. Create visit your favorite park or wildlife area and see what happens during this Waiting Time. And do not forget to take a water bottle if you think you may be tempted by those little red berries in there in the bushes at the edge of the woods!

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