To avoid unnecessary costs when raising pigs, you can build your own pigsty and equip it inside with everything you need, including drinking bowls and feeders for pigs. In this case, you can use the materials at hand that have accumulated in your household, or, if necessary, buy new inexpensive building materials. In any case, setting up a pigsty and, in particular, making drinking bowls and feeders for pigs with your own hands will allow you to significantly reduce costs, even if it will take some time.
When designing a shed for pigs with or without separate pens, make sure that the animals live comfortably and that caring for the farm does not cause unnecessary difficulties. Make waterers and feeders for wet or dry feed so that they provide pigs with free access to feed and water, but prevent them from clogging with animal waste, and so that containers can be easily cleaned at any time.
Make waterers and feeders for wet or dry feed so that they provide free access to pigs
You can build a shed for pigs from wood, brick, adobe, or from cinder blocks. The main thing is not to use concrete and reinforced concrete, as they have poor thermal conductivity. Roofing material or slate is suitable for the roof, and the ceiling itself will need to be insulated. It is also advisable to make the floor insulated (you can lay unplaned boards, covering them with straw) and it is imperative to provide for a slight slope of the floor surface to the groove dug against the wall to drain pig excrement.
Pig Drinker Video
Sufficient height for a pigsty is about two meters. The area depends on how many pigs you intend to keep.
In order to maintain cleanliness in one half of the pigsty, it is recommended to equip a feeding area with feeders and drinkers, and raise the other half slightly above the floor level and adapt it for resting animals.
For pregnant females, sows and breeding boars, it is advisable to make separate pens equipped with individual drinkers and feeders. One pig will need a pen with an area of three to four square meters, and for sows with piglets - at least five square meters.
In the summer, for ventilation of the pigsty, it will be enough to keep open the windows and doors leading to the walking area, in winter, you need to take care of making the simplest ventilation from a metal pipe brought out through the window opening from the barn to the street. In addition, in winter, you will need to provide for heating the pigsty, since a comfortable temperature for pigs should be at least 13 degrees, and for newborn pigs - from 18 degrees.
For pregnant females, sows and breeding boars, it is advisable to make separate pens equipped with individual drinkers and feeders
Pig breeders often use ordinary metal or wooden troughs as feeding troughs at home. But neither those nor the other feeders are short-lived: wooden ones fail in a year, and troughs made of galvanized steel sheets in a couple of years are destroyed from corrosion. So farmers have to be resourceful, coming up with various options for feeders with a longer service life:
For dry feed, it is more convenient to use bunker feeders made of aluminum sheets with inclined walls
The feed in homemade feeders will stay cleaner longer if you weld lintels or steel bars across the long metal troughs so that the animals can easily reach the feed, but cannot climb into the trough with their feet.
When self-manufacturing pig feeders, they are usually made about 30-40 cm wide, up to 25 cm deep, and the length is chosen at your discretion. It is more convenient when the front and back walls of the troughs are at an angle to the floor, which makes the top of the trough wider than the bottom. It is better to make the back wall at a sharper angle than the front one, then the pigs will throw out less food by "burrowing" head movements.
Pig Feeder Videos
Basins and cups used as drinkers on private farms are increasingly being replaced by convenient nipple or teat drinkers. Although cup drinkers allow you to save water, dirt and food debris accumulate very quickly in them, which is why you have to constantly monitor the cleanliness of the container and often change the water.
Nipple drinking systems have a rather complex automatic design, which includes a water treatment unit, a pressure regulator, pipes for water supply and a mechanical filter. It is not easy to make such a structure on your own; it is easier to purchase a teat or nipple drinker. Only when buying, try to choose the appropriate size of the nipple according to the age of the pigs, and fix the drinker at the optimal height at an angle - this will make it more convenient for the animals to drink, and less water will spill. As you can see, there are tricks not only in making do-it-yourself pig feeders, but also when creating drinkers.
The article was updated on 03/20/2017