Cucumbers are one of the popular foods. This culture was brought to us from India and has been cultivated for many centuries. Today in India there are also wild-growing varieties of cucumbers. They twine around the trees like weeds. In Europe and Asia, this crop is grown mainly in greenhouses or in areas protected from the wind. For normal growth, as well as high yields, cucumbers require increased moisture. One of the best varieties of this culture is the Connie variety.
Connie's cultivar is a hybrid grown both in greenhouses and on open soils... Bushes, according to the description, are strong, vigorous, medium-growing with a female flowering. The leaves of the plant are green, medium in size, regular in shape.
Fruits are small in size, usually in length 7-9 cm, oval, small tuberous. The skin of the cucumber is green in color, with thorns, white, but not prickly. The pulp of the greenery is white, dense, juicy, not bitter. Fruit weight on average 60-80 g.
The main characteristics of the variety should be highlighted:
Indicators of marketable yield:
Cucumber seeds of this variety can be purchased in specialty stores or in online stores.
This variety was bred by breeders of the Russian company Biotekhnika by crosses of 2 varieties... With proper planting, as well as care, Connie bushes will delight you with a generous harvest.
Summer residents and gardeners choose the Conny variety for growing due to its advantages:
However, in addition to the advantages, Connie's cucumbers also have some disadvantages.
Not all vegetable growers have a positive attitude towards peculiar tubercles and white spines... In addition, they criticize and small size Zelentsov. However, the above disadvantages cannot outweigh the advantages of the variety.
When choosing a place for planting, it must be borne in mind that cucumbers are a sun-loving crop. However, so that Connie does not suffer in hot weather, need the presence of penumbra.
Cucumbers should not be planted after pumpkin crops. It is better to plant the plant after cabbage, root vegetables or legumes.
The main preparation of the soil is the introduction of a special mixture to a depth of 30 cm. It should include humus, straw, peat and manure. This will enrich and warm the soil.
The upper layers of the soil are loosened and moisturized.
Sowing with seeds is necessary when the soil warms up a little after frost. It is recommended to plant seedlings in late spring.
Cucumbers are not planted very often. About 2-3 pieces are planted on a square. Most often, planting is carried out by seedlings. For this one should pre-soak the seeds.
Some ways to soak seeds:
It is forbidden to use cold tap water to soak the seeds. Melt or rainwater is suitable, with a temperature above 26 degrees.
It is necessary to plant seedlings no later than in 2-3 weeksso that it doesn't overgrow. When planting seeds, they are thrown into the ground 3 cm deep.
Connie's cucumbers are unpretentious culture.
Typically, plant care consists of:
In order for the plant stems to curl, it is necessary install slats... The latter will act as a support, and also protect the bushes from the winds.
Watering the bushes is recommended once a day... The watering procedure should be carried out in the morning or late at night. Every 7 days weeding should be done.
If cucumbers grow in a greenhouse, you need to control so that the bushes do not overheat. Temperature should not be higher than 30 degrees... After planting, after 20 days, the soil should be loosened.
Before flowering, you need to feed the culture once. This should be done once and during flowering. Then the bushes need to be fed only once every 10 days. The following mixture is suitable for feeding: 1 liter of manure diluted in a bucket of water. Top dressing is best done in the evenings or not in sunny weather.
Basic care recommendations:
With proper care, the plant will delight gardeners with a rich harvest.
Diseases, common pests, signs of infection, treatment and prevention methods are indicated in the table.
|Pest / disease name||Signs of infection||Means|
|Cucumber bug||The plant has twisted leaves||Infusion of tobacco or pharmacy chamomile|
|Aphid||Shriveled as well as curled leaves||Infusion of red pepper|
|Spider mite||Separate white dots appear on the leaves, and then the entire leaf turns white.||Infusion of dandelion or wormwood, decoction of tomato tops, infusion of Persian chamomile|
|Greenhouse whitefly||Sugar white bloom appears on the leaves, and after the leaf turns black and dries up||Aktofit (0.2%)|
|Anthracnose||Brown spots on stems and leaves, ulcers on fruits||Means Oxyhom, Cuproxat, 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture or 0.4% copper oxychloride|
|White rot or sclerotinia||Wet spots on the root. Then the stem is covered with a white substance that resembles cotton wool.||Manganese-sour potassium|
|Cucumber bacteriosis||Angular spots first on the leaves, then covering 70-90% of the foliage and partly of the stems, the fruit||0.02% zinc sulfate solution|
The main preventive measure for growing this variety in greenhouses is considered to be airing, as well as control over the temperature regime.
In the case of growing Connie cucumbers in greenhouse conditions, the harvest begins approximately at the time of planting in open soil of seedlings. For example, the harvest of cucumbers planted in April falls on the beginning of June.
Fresh greens are stored for 35 days in the refrigerator or at room temperature. To increase the storage time, you should leave the stalks not torn off during collection and do not wash off the plaque. The stems are immersed in water, and in this state the fruits are stored in the refrigerator. up to 4 weeks.
Connie's cucumbers are a hybrid variety that does not need special care and is characterized by a long fruiting period. The fruits are distinguished by their exquisite taste and are used for conservation.
Growing cucumbers is a popular and not too troublesome process. Breeders strive to create the maximum number of varieties and hybrids that would allow you to get an excellent harvest with a minimum of resources used. Everyone will find in all the variety of seeds on the market those that are optimal in all parameters. Cucumber variety "Connie F1", according to the description and reviews of gardeners, is an excellent option that provides a high degree of yield, excellent taste of the fruit and the acceptability of the conditions necessary for effective fruiting.
The hybrid is grown in an unstable climate, cold and rainy summers. Connie is frost-resistant, but cannot stand extreme heat. In southern regions, it is necessary to increase the frequency of watering the plant and protect the foliage from excessive sunlight. To create shade in greenhouses, glass walls are sprayed with a chalk solution.
Horses' cucumbers are planted in warm soil (15-17 o C). The best place for growing is considered to be greenhouses or spring greenhouses, which ventilate and open with the onset of warmth. In hot summers with moderate rainfall, seedlings germinate even in open ground.
Connie's hybrid is endowed with benefits that many growers love:
Connie's cucumbers have only two drawbacks, and then they can be called, most likely, relative. They more emphasize the characteristic differences of the hybrid from other species than indicate its shortcomings.
Currently, Connie's cucumber is considered mid-season: fruiting begins 47-50 days after full shoots appear. The yield is high: during the season, up to 16 kg of cucumbers are harvested from a square meter, and half - literally in the first two to three weeks. The cucumber is parthenocarpic, the presence of bees is not required. Seed germination is close to 100%.
The taste of the fruit is rated by the tasters as good or excellent. There is no bitterness, the aroma is strong, cucumber. The variety is universal in use: cucumbers are suitable for salads and for all types of preparations for the winter. The crop can be easily transported and stored well.
Cucumbers grow in bunches on bushes
The variety has a high resistance to powdery mildew and root rot, low sensitivity to temperature fluctuations.
The main advantages of a hybrid are:
Connie's cucumbers have been observed to have no tendency to overgrow. Some gardeners consider the small size of the fruits to be a disadvantage, but this is not for everybody. Not everyone likes the structure of the surface of the fruit: white pubescence and many small tubercles. There were no fundamental flaws in the variety.
When choosing cucumbers, some prefer varieties, others buy only hybrids, noting their yield. In the very difficult climatic conditions of many Russian regions, it is the hybrid forms that give very good results, which explains their popularity.
The Connie F1 cucumber is deservedly considered one of the best hybrids, and therefore it is necessary to find out more information about it.
The hybrid is mid-season, so you should not expect too early harvests. But after about 45-48 days, you can begin to remove the first greens - even, small, with small tuberous skin.
Connie F1 is a powerful, long-leaved hybrid with strong growth. The foliage is medium, the leaf plates are of the correct shape, not very large in size. The surface of the leaves is slightly wrinkled.
Indeterminate hybrids with a long stem need to be formed, and it is also advisable to pinch the stem to get a good harvest. Typically, such powerful cucumbers are grown using trellises.
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This hybrid is a parthenocarpic, which makes it much easier to care for. The ovaries are formed without insect pollination of flowers, they are laid in bunches. With good nutrition, there can be from 3 to 8-9 ovaries in the sinuses.
Zelentsy are leveled, white-spiked, dark green in color. The skin is dense, with many small tubercles. The taste of Konny Zelentsov is excellent, the flesh is dense, without voids, with a small amount of seeds. It is these cucumbers that are perfect for all types of preservation, pickling, pickles. Their length is no more than 9 cm, you can remove the fruits with pickles, gherkins. Weight is about 60-80 grams.
Among the "minuses" of this fruitful hybrid, gardeners note the rather high cost of seeds, as well as the inability to take their seeds from the fruit. It is impossible to do this with hybrid forms, since all the declared characteristics are preserved only in the culture of the first generation of hybrids - F1, and then they disappear. Initially, hybrids include:
Unfortunately, summer residents cannot get hybrid seeds from their crops; this requires special conditions and, of course, parental crop lines.
Some gardeners are distrustful of Connie's fruits, believing that small-tuberous cucumbers are inferior in quality and taste to their counterparts with large tubercles and black thorns. But in fact, this is not the case, Connie F1 Zelentsy are good in all types of pickles and marinades.
In order to get the yield declared by the manufacturer, it is necessary to take care of the full nutrition of the hybrid, as well as to observe the basic agricultural techniques.
Caring for long-leaved hybrid forms of cucumber has its own characteristics. Often summer residents are unhappy with the fact that the indicators indicated in the description have not been confirmed in practice. Meanwhile, in the characteristics of the hybrid it is always indicated that such a cucumber requires enhanced feeding.
Sunny places are chosen for cucumbers, but if you plan to plant plants on ridges, it is better if there is a slight partial shade in the afternoon. The fact is that on hot summer days, even such a thermophilic culture as cucumbers suffers from excessive heat.
It is important to observe crop rotation, plant plants after cabbage, legumes, root crops. It is not recommended to grow cucumbers for a long time in one place, as harmful pathogens accumulate in the soil, and the risk of infections increases.
Depending on the region, choose the method of sowing Connie's seeds:
The first option is good in the south, where warm weather sets in in April, and the soil warms up to the required temperatures.But in most of the territory of Russia, seedlings of cucumbers are first grown, and only then the plants are transplanted to a permanent place of residence.
When planning a planting on the ridges, it is necessary to prepare additional shelter for the seedlings: a film, covering material.
Usually, the seeds of cucumber hybrids do not need any additional processing. In the factory conditions, they were disinfected, plasma treated, so all that remains is to sow seeds in the ground.
Pots and cups are prepared for seedlings, since it is better to grow cucumbers in separate containers. The seedlings should be about 25 days old, as later the cucumbers will not take root well.
The temperature when growing seedlings is at least + 25ºC, at night - at least + 18ºC. 10 days before the transplant, it is necessary to accustom the cucumbers to the fresh air, taking the seedlings outside, on the balcony, on the veranda.
Disembarkation when the weather is warm, up to + 22ºC… + 23ºC, and the soil warms up to + 14ºC… + 15ºC.
Planting scheme: two bushes per square meter, in the beds you can plant three plants on the same area. It is not necessary to thicken the planting, trying to place as many plants as possible in a small area. This will not give an increase to the harvest, moreover, the indicators will be lower, since the plants will lack space and nutrition.
Further care is standard, and agricultural techniques in a greenhouse will not differ much from growing cucumbers in the open field.
The first time Connie is watered, about 7-9 days after planting. Subsequently, watering should be regular (especially during the period of fruit formation), taking into account weather conditions.
In the heat, the volumes increase, in rainy weather, watering is stopped. I control soil moisture, loosen the soil, mulching can also be performed (with hay, grass, sawdust). Watering is carried out in the morning or in the evening, avoiding the ingress of water on the plants.
For greenhouse cucumbers, it is important to prevent an excess of moisture in the soil (and this happens often in the shelter), the "greenhouse" effect with the appearance of condensation on the shelter, too high temperatures.
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The shelter must be carefully ventilated; for a slight shading of the plants in hot summer, apply a spraying of a film or polycarbonate with a chalk composition. Plants are watered only with warm water, after which loosening is carried out.
The volumes depend on the weather, the age of the plants: in the first growing season, 1 sq. meter will be enough and 3-4 liters of water, later, during fruiting - up to 10-12 liters.
ON A NOTE! In the middle of the growing season, it can be difficult to loosen on the ridges due to the large number of intertwining cucumber shoots. In this case, several punctures are carefully made in the soil with a pitchfork.
Reception allows painlessly for the root system of cucumbers to improve soil aeration and avoid the appearance of a dense crust on the surface.
Hybrid Connie loves to "eat" well, otherwise, you should not expect a high harvest.
For top dressing, mineral additives are used, as well as organic matter: mullein, horse manure, poultry droppings, wood ash. Ready-made formulations, for example, Agricola-5, are excellent, especially in the early stages of plant development.
During the flowering period, cucumbers are fed with complex fertilizers (nitrophoska), potassium humate, the composition Ideal, Agricola-vegeta.
During fruiting, nitrophoska, cow dung, ash, fertilizer such as Barrier, Agricola, Fertility are recommended.
In all cases, it is required to comply with the norms of additives, since an excess of fertilizers is even worse than a lack of nutrients.
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It should be borne in mind that this hybrid has extended fruiting, so it is important to plan a fertilizing schedule. It is ideal to combine cucumber "meals" with watering, so that nutrients will be absorbed faster and more efficiently.
The formation of cucumbers is a very important technique that allows you to increase the yield of a hybrid several times. It is recommended to grow Connie F1 on trellises, fixing the stems and shoots of plants on a wire, rope. Trellis designs can be very different:
The stem of the cucumber grows upward, while it is fixed on the trellis. At the first 4-5 nodes, all ovaries and shoots are removed, then one shoot and one ovary are left in the next 4-5 nodes, two ovaries and shoots are left even higher.
Ideally, a formed cucumber bush should look like an inverted pyramid. And there is no need to feel sorry for the first removed ovaries, they would give an early harvest, but would reduce the overall yield.
To protect against diseases, various infusions (tobacco, garlic, ash), a solution of potassium permanganate, and copper-containing preparations are used. Soap solution, infusion of red pepper, dusting of cucumbers with ash help from aphids.
To combat the whitefly, more serious measures will have to be taken - Aktofit and similar chemicals.
In order to avoid problems, it is necessary to air the shelters in a timely manner, loosen the soil, and properly water the cucumbers.
Connie's cucumbers are harvested when the greens reach a length of 6-7 cm. This is an early hybrid, therefore it is used in salads, fresh. At the same time, long periods of fruiting will allow picking cucumbers in the second half of summer and making various winter supplies.
The shelf life of the hybrid is average; it is not recommended to store these cucumbers in the refrigerator for more than five days.
Cucumbers Amicable family F1 is a mid-early hybrid variety, which was bred by the breeders of the Sedek agricultural firm. The time from germination to picking the first cucumbers is 43-48 days. In 2003, the variety was entered in the state register of the Russian Federation. Approved for use in all regions of the country. Designed for growing on farms and gardens. Suitable for vegetable gardens and greenhouses, greenhouse premises.
The bush is medium-sized, with medium weaving. Indeterminate - unlimited growth, which leads to the fact that the plant culture can bear fruit for a very long time. Type of variety - bunch. This means that several ovaries form at once in the axil of the leaf plate: on the main stem - 2-4, on the side - 6-8.
The fruits are great for fresh salads and home canning.
The seeds of the Druzhnaya family F1 are relatively expensive, since they are obtained as a result of selection. It will not be possible to collect your own, parthenocarpics do not form seed. Even if bees can pollinate individual female flowers, seeds will not give offspring with varietal qualities, like all hybrid varieties. This is one of the few disadvantages of the variety.
The advantages of the Friendly Family hybrid are as follows:
It must be remembered that when parthenocarpic pollination occurs, if seeds are formed, cucumbers can succumb to deformation and taste bitter.
The hybrid has good stable resistance to major diseases and pests of cucumber crops. It is important to maintain a high agricultural background, systematically examine the seedlings and be sure to carry out sanitary cleaning.
Variety Amicable family F1 is unpretentious and resistant to the formation of pathologies different for this plant culture, therefore, the cultivation of cucumbers of this type is suitable even for inexperienced vegetable growers. The main points for plant growth:
For planting seed or seedlings in the garden, it is necessary to prepare the substrate - feed and dig up to enrich the soil with oxygen masses, make a hole with a diameter of 300-400 mm. The interval between the holes must be at least 600 mm, otherwise the plants will interfere with each other. Such an interval is left in the method of cultivating cucumbers horizontally. When cultivated vertically on trellises, slats or in a greenhouse, the seeds are sown in grooves, the interval between seedlings (shoots) is 250-400 mm.
If you plan to plant several rows, for example, in a greenhouse, the spacing between the grooves is 500 mm. Planting of pre-treated seed material is carried out in moist soil warmed up to +18 ° C to a depth of 20-30 mm.
The bed can be covered with PE, it helps to keep the heat accumulated by the soil during the day for a longer time at night, protects the plant from damage during rain, and also reduces moisture evaporation. During the day, the PE is removed from the garden, and returned back at night.
Water needs warm or room temperature. Moisture deficiency will negatively affect the taste of greenery.
Growing plants with the vertical growth method should be tied up. This will not only give the cucumbers access to the sun, make it easier to pinch the shoots from the side, but also simplify harvesting. And also, regardless of weather conditions, the harvest will remain clean, which cannot always be achieved with horizontal cultivation techniques. Whether it is necessary to pinch cucumbers or not is up to the vegetable grower himself, because there is no specific opinion on this matter, and many gardeners do not see the differences when picking green leaves. However, companies involved in the packaging and sale of seed material indicate on the package not only the description of the varietal species, but also the technology for pinching the crop, if necessary.
The success of obtaining a rich harvest in compliance with the recommendations of experienced vegetable growers. The tips are as follows:
Seed material of Russian breeders is of high quality and inexpensive, with a guaranteed high yield, good germination rate and resistance to disease. However, there is one drawback - collecting seeds from this plant culture is useless, since the seeds of hybrid varieties are derived by specialists when 2 certain varietal species are crossed.
Growing cucumber seedlings on a personal plot is relatively cheap and quite profitable, but the yield of vegetables depends entirely on the selection of seed material with good properties.
Judging by the reviews of vegetable growers who have already tried to grow the hybrid variety Friendly Family F1, we can say that it is easy to care for, not demanding.
This season, the friendly family planted part of the seed material of cucumbers in the garden, and some of them planted early in the greenhouse. I can say that although the yield of the Friendly Family in the open field was quite high, many ripe cucumbers were harvested in the greenhouse.
I grow this hybrid variety in a greenhouse, I get a good harvest, the vegetable does not require pollination. I tie long lashes to the trellises, it is comfortable to care for the plants, and the ripe fruits are immediately visible. But I must say that the price of a bag of seeds is, of course, higher than that of ordinary cucumbers.
I got it in parallel, as soon as I saw the package with the name. Just suitable for a "country" family. I like that our, Russian hybrid. Sowed in early March at home on the windowsill in glasses with peat. I prepared the beds, and after 21 days I planted seedlings there. The bushes grew vigorous and strong. Tied up, watered, fed. And the sea was tied up with cucumbers!
A friendly family is a good hybrid variety. With any method of planting, this hybrid will delight you with fresh cucumbers from the beginning of the summer season to mid-autumn. Even a beginner can handle the cultivation.