Crossandra wavy (Crossandra) - beauty from the tropics, growing in an apartment


Wavy crossandra is a difficult to grow, but very beautiful plant that can be a decoration of the home. According to the horoscope, the zodiac sign of Libra (September 24 - October 23) corresponds to: hybrid achimenis, pineapple, codiaum, Chinese rose (hibiscus), truncated zygocactus (Decembrist), Ackerman's epiphyllum, feathery celosia, night cestrum, Japanese fatsia, chrysanthemum, ceraria bloody), fiery red kufeya, hybrid heliotrope; large-leaved hydrangea, paprika (Mexican, Christmas), wavy-leaved crossandra.

Crossandra belongs to the Acanthus family, which received its name from the famous Mediterranean plant - acanthus soft, whose large leaves were imprinted by ancient architects on the capitals of the columns of Greek temples. In this family, two and a half thousand species of inhabitants of tropical (less often subtropical) regions of our planet are known. Among them are herbaceous plants (including lianas), shrubs, less often trees; there are many species of both beautifully flowering and decorative deciduous thanks to the unusually colored leaves.

The name of the genus Crossandra itself comes from the Greek words "krossos" - "fringe" and "andr" - "masculine" - from the fringe of the stamens. There are more than 50 species of herbaceous perennials, shrubs and even low trees, which are now widespread in the light tropical forests of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and about. Madagascar. Plants are characterized by wonderful red, pink, yellow and orange flowers, collected in an apical corymbose inflorescence.

So far, the crossandra has not been sufficiently appreciated by St. Petersburg amateurs. Due to the great "capriciousness" of this thermophilic plant, only the most experienced growers could master its cultivation. In our apartments, he does not always manage to create favorable conditions of detention. Indeed, the crossandra owes its origin to the humid tropical forests of Southeast Asia, India and the island of Sri Lanka. Therefore, more often crossandra can be found in specially equipped home micro greenhouses or in small greenhouses than in the rooms of ordinary amateurs.

Crossandra is a perennial herb that, with good care, has a height of 40-100 cm (depending on the species or variety), therefore, for long-term cultivation at home, more compact varieties should be preferred. It has erect shoots with petiolate opposite leaves up to 8 cm long. They are elongated-oval in shape, sharply turning into a petiole, pointed, slightly wavy along the edge, glossy, green or grayish-green, pubescent with sparse hairs.

Axillary dense spike-shaped tetrahedral inflorescences (with flowers of red, orange and other colors) 3-4 cm in diameter with a large pubescent bracts at the base are located at the ends of the shoots. This plant is characterized by long flowering, but the flowers themselves are short-lived - they live only a few days. However, the spikelet continues to grow, reaching a length of 12-15 cm, more and more flowers bloom on it. To prolong this beauty, it is recommended to stimulate flowering by cutting off the faded spikelet. If this operation is not performed, then the power of the plant will go to the formation of seed pods, which, when ripe, throw out very small seeds with a crash, scattering in different directions. Then they sprout even in neighboring pots.

Under very favorable conditions, the plant can bloom almost all year round. However, in the opinion of flower growers who have some experience in growing this plant, it is advisable to provide a room culture of crossandra (especially in our latitudes) with rest during the winter period.

For room maintenance, a permanent place is selected for the crossandre (no drafts are allowed), bright enough, but with diffused light, avoid direct sunlight. The plant can be placed in partial shade, but then it will develop slowly, the flowering will not be so abundant and long.

There is an opinion that the crossandra does not like close proximity to other plants. It is strongly not recommended to take it out of the room. In summer, the temperature is possible in the range of 18 ... 25 ° С (but its sharp drop is undesirable), the optimum is 20 ... 22 ° С, in winter - not lower than 16 ° С. When the temperature drops (from 16 to 12 ° C), there is a rather high risk of losing the plant.

A flower grower is obliged to be very careful about watering the crossandra. During the active growing season from March to August, it is watered and fed regularly. The soil should not dry out, so the plant is watered abundantly with soft water at room temperature as the top layer of the soil dries up.

However, excess moisture in the substrate and stagnation of water in the sump are unacceptable. It should be borne in mind: the less light the plant receives, the more its watering should be limited (if the soil is still wet to the touch, it should not be watered). Given the fact that the crossandra is an inhabitant of the humid tropics, it is provided with the necessary air humidity.

She does not feel well if her leaves are not daily sprayed with a fine spray of settled water, the temperature of which is slightly higher than room temperature. It is better to do this in the morning, trying not to get on the flowers. You can place the plant pot on a pallet with damp pebbles, or place it in damp moss. This technique makes it possible for him to more easily endure hot summers and dry winters. The grateful crossandra responds to the increased humidity of the air around itself with a greater brightness of its glossy leaves and a lengthening of the flowering period.

Top dressing is done every 7-10 days with a weak solution of any fertilizer intended for indoor plants, for example, from the Kemira group. You can apply a diluted organic fertilizer solution once a month. In winter, during the resting period of the plant, watering is very careful, but strong drying out of the soil substrate is not allowed. They also make sure that the plant (especially its root system) does not cool down near the cold window glass on frosty days.

Young plants of crossandra are transplanted in February-March, and adults - as needed (every 3-4 years), preferably in spring, in a more spacious pot with light, well-drained soil rich in organic matter.

Drainage is arranged at the bottom of the pot. For this purpose, a substrate is prepared, consisting of deciduous, sod, humus, peat soil and sand (in equal proportions). Some growers for adult plants offer a lighter soil - a mixture of leaf, peat, turf, sand or perlite in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 0.5). When purchasing soil in a retail network, they are guided by the requirements for soil of plants from the Acanthus family.

Crossandra can be propagated by seed and stem apical cuttings. Freshly harvested seeds have a high germination capacity, germinate together within 7-10 days. Seed material purchased in the retail network should be pre-soaked in warm water for 2-2.5 hours. Experienced flower growers advise sowing seeds on the surface of a slightly moistened peat mixture or coconut substrate, and covering the container itself with glass or film. Provide a temperature not lower than 24 ° C.

In their opinion, it can take from 3 weeks to 2.5 months to germinate such seeds. When seedlings appear, the container is transferred to a bright place (but not in the sun), make sure that the earth is slightly moistened, since with an excess of moisture, the stalk at the soil level can rot and the plant will die. At the age of one month, the crossandra is seated in separate pots.

The selection of cuttings from a healthy perennial plant is carried out in the spring and in the first half of summer. Cuttings (7-10 cm long) are cut (just below the knot) with a sharp knife and the lower leaves are removed. For successful rooting, their tips are treated with phytohormones (for example, root).

When planting, they are deepened into a container with a moist soil mixture consisting of peat and sand in a 1: 1 ratio, to the first sheet, the soil is carefully and carefully compacted around them, and covered with a glass jar or a transparent plastic bag. Incubate at a temperature of 25 ... 30 ° C (arrange the bottom heating). When new leaves appear (after 6-8 weeks), the shelter is removed daily for 3-6 hours, allowing the plants to gradually settle in the open air.

Rooted cuttings are planted in separate containers with fertile soil. After 4-5 weeks, experts advise pinching young plants for the successful formation of a bush. If this technique is not carried out, then the plant (depending on the type and variety) can reach a height of 60-90 cm and lose its decorative effect.

With a strong pruning of an already adult plant, the regrowth of new shoots is weak, so it is preferable to form a culture for the first 1.5-2 years. The young plant grows relatively quickly and blooms at the age of several months. I want to repeat: the flowering of an adult plant will be longer if the wilted flowers are removed (cut with a razor) in time.

If the conditions for growing the crossandra are not followed, it may be affected by a number of physiological diseases. With excessive watering, the petioles turn brown, the leaves turn yellow and fall off. Excessive drying of the soil can lead to subsidence and even to the discharge of flowers and part of the leaves. Dry air surrounding the flower can cause wilting of its foliage.

In direct sunlight, the leaves become thinner, and, while recovering, the plant then gets sick, recovering for a long time. With a sharp temperature drop, the leaves can also fall off, which is why the crossandra suffers greatly. Most likely, these yellowed leaves cannot be brought back to life, so you need to carefully cut them off and create favorable conditions for the plant for life.

Aphids and spider mites may appear on the crossandra. Against these common pests on indoor plants, either infusions of insecticidal plants, for example, Persian chamomile with the addition of laundry soap, or biological and chemical preparations, which have already been repeatedly mentioned in my previous publications, are used.

While on the domestic flower market there is some uncertainty regarding a number of species and varieties of crossandra. Of its 50 species, the funnel-shaped crossandra (Cr. Infundibuliformis Nees), which grows up to 35-70 cm, is more suitable for indoor conditions. The best is considered its variety Mona Wallhed (obtained in Sweden).

Bushes of the crossandra nilotika (Cr. Nilotika) - 50-60 cm high. It has glossy dark elliptical leaves and brick-red tubular flowers, collected in apical spike-shaped inflorescences, consisting of 5 lobes.

Although the plants of the guinea crossandra (Cr. Guineensis) with wonderful flowers of lilac color and are characterized by a small height (15-20 cm), in indoor floriculture, according to experts, they are very rare.

When purchasing this tropical plant, put it in a bright (but not sunny) place and at first pay maximum attention to it until it adapts to the new conditions, because it could well experience stress when moving.

Then, when your pet recovers from the stress, it will be less of a hassle. If you have a sunny window, shade the glass with gauze. Water the soil substrate abundantly, but then be sure to remove the remaining moisture from the pallet; then do not water until the topsoil is dry.

If the leaves of the purchased plant wilted a little, put it together with the pot in a large plastic bag so that the foliage does not touch its walls, but ventilate it daily so that there is no stagnation of air in the bag (after 5-6 days, the bag can be removed). To increase the humidity of the air, treat only the leaves (in the morning and in the evening) with finely dispersed spraying with settled water at room temperature.

If you treat this beautiful plant with love, then in response to your departure, the crossandra will delight everyone with its bright and unique flowering. And you will feel pride in your work and joy from the beauty of the plant.

I note that this beauty can be quite attractive without flowers due to the high decorativeness of its shiny dark green leaves. Although, with due attention to her, she probably will not leave you without her wonderful peculiar flowers of delicate colors that will rise above this foliage. Crossandra can be placed in the bedroom or dining room, or used for cutting.

Alexander Lazarev, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior Researcher, All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Pushkin


List of plants starting with the letter "K"

Cavalry Star (Hippeastrum)
(lat.Hippeastrum)

Hippeastrum belongs to the Amaryllis family and is the most popular perennial bulb in indoor floriculture. The Latin name of the plant is Hippeastrum, and its homeland is the tropics of South America. There are more than 80 types of hippeastrum, and there are already more than 600 hybrids.

Caladium (Caladium) belongs to the Aroid family and is a genus of 16 species. These are tropical plants native to the forests of Central and South America.

Caladium bicolor
(lat.Caladium bicolor)

Clothed Kalant (lat. Calanthe vestita) belongs to the Orchid family (Latin Orchideaceae) and is a flowering tuberous plant.

Kalanchoe grows in South America, Africa, East Asia and has more than 200 species, of which only four have taken root in the apartments of our amateur florists. All of them have excellent decorative qualities and healing properties.

Kalanchoe Blossfeld
(lat.Kalanchoe blossfeldiana)

Kalanchoe felt (Cat ears)
(lat.Kalanchoe tomentosa)

Kalanchoe Degremona (Doctor, Bryophyllum)
(lat.Kalanchoe daigremontiana)

Caring for an indoor calathea flower assumes ideal - diffused lighting, direct sunlight is destructive for it. In summer, it is recommended to put the pot closer to the western windows, in winter - to the southern ones. The optimal distance from the window is 2m.

Calathea Makoya
(lat.Calathea makoyana)

Calathea striped
(lat.Calathea zebrina)

Decorated calathea
(lat.Calathea ornata)

Calathea saffron
(lat.Calathea crocata)

In total, about 20 species of calendula are known. They grow throughout Europe, the Canary Islands and Iran. However, for cultivation in gardens and parks, 2 types are used - Calendula officinalis (in its composition, the amount of nutrients is increased) and Calendula decorative.

Calendula officinalis
(lat.Calendula officinalis)

Viburnum is a plant numbering more than 200 species, among which there are even black-fruited and evergreen varieties. But since in our latitudes the common viburnum is very popular, we will tell you exactly about its varieties.

Viburnum sterile (Kalina buldenezh)
(lat.Viburnum opulus)

It should also be borne in mind that viburnum loves moisture. In the wild, it grows in the coastal zone of any water bodies. When planting on dry land will require frequent watering.

Viburnum laurel
(lat.Viburnum tinus)

Calliander, Fairy Brush belongs to the legume family (lat.Fabaceae).

For the good development of the plant, two conditions must be met - lighting and good ventilation. A constant supply of fresh air, the absence of harmful impurities (cigarette smoke, stale stagnant air, steam from pots with cooking food, etc.) and drafts are a vital necessity for the normal growth of Callisium.

Fragrant Callisia (Golden mustache)
(Latin Callisia fragrans)

Callisia the graceful (Callisia the elegant)
(lat.Callisia elegans)

Callisia navicular (Tradescantia navicular)
(lat.Callisia navicularis)

Until 1990, she was considered a representative of the petunia genus. Thanks to the conducted genetic studies, the flowering plant was allocated to a separate genus Calibrachoa.

A native of Australia, Callistemon is a native of the myrtle family, which has about 40 species in its genus.

Callistemon lemon
(lat.Callistemon citrinus)

Calceolaria, Calceolaria belongs to the Norichnik family. However, some scientists distinguish the Calceolaria family. Native to Central and South America, the garish beauty is a herb or shrub.

The charming camellia, Camellia, belongs to the Teahouse family. There are only 8 varieties of it. Many species of this plant are suitable for growing in the garden.

Mountain camellia
(lat.Camellia sasanqua)

Japanese camellia, Camellia japonica, belongs to the Tea family and is the brightest representative of the Camellia genus. The native land of the plant is the south of Japan, China, Taiwan and South Korea.

Its name translates as "breaking stones", which eloquently testifies to the amazing abilities of the saxifrage and its ability to survive in the harsh conditions of the mountains.

Saxifrage offspring (Saxifrage wicker, Saxifrage escaping)
(lat.Saxifraga stolonifera)

Campanula (Bell, Bride and Groom)
(lat.Campanula)

It is interesting that among the many annual and perennial subspecies of Campanula, only one species has become widespread as a houseplant - Campanula isophylla or Campanula isophylla in Latin.

Bellflower
(lat.Campanula isophylla)

Campelia is an ornamental houseplant native to Mexico and Brazil.

In the coastal zone, it is recommended to grow isolepsis on swampy soils, in aquariums - on solid ground.

Graceful reed (drooping reed, drooping Izolepis)
(lat.Scirpus cernuus, Isolepis gracilis)

Kanatnik (Abutilon, Indoor Maple)
(lat.Abutilon)

Cannes are large enough plants, reaching 2.5 m in height, so they are often planted along hedges or in the center of flower beds. It has large (up to 80 cm) oval or elliptical leaves, which, depending on the variety, are green, striped, gray-gray, bronze with a purple tint, with a colored border.

Capsicum (Capsicum)
(lat.Capsicum)

Capsicum is a light-loving plant. But it should be placed in a place where there is diffused light. Direct sunlight can cause leaf burns. In the summer, you can take the crop pot outside in partial shade.

Capsicum annual (decorative pepper)
(lat.Capsicum annuum)

Stemmed cabbage (Brigamia magnificent, Brigamia insignis, Braemia, Hawaiian palm, Volcano palm)
(lat.Brighamia insignis, Brighamia insignis f. citrina, Brighamia citrina, Brighamia citrina var.napaliensis)

Ornamental cabbage (Brassica oleracea) is the common name for several leafy forms of this spectacular biennial plant, which is considered to be home to sunny Greece.

Carambola, Starfruit
(lat.Averrhoa carambola)

Carambola belongs to the acid family (Latin Oxalidaceae). The family includes 7-8 classes and more than 900 species that are common in tropical and subtropical regions.

Cariota (Palm fishtail)
(lat.Caryota)

Cariota belongs to the palm family (lat. Palmae). This is a fairly fast growing palm tree.

Karludovika (Finger Karlyudovika, Finger Karlyudovika, Panama palm, Panama palm, Jeepi-japa)
(lat.Carludovica)

Karlyudovik belongs to the Cyclant family (Latin Cyclanthaceae). A distinctive feature of the plant are monoecious flowers, which are collected in cylindrical cobs.

Karlyudovika palm-shaped
(lat.Carludovica palmata)

Catazetum is a member of the Orchid family (Latin Orchidaceae). The plant belongs to perennial epiphytes with root-stemmed cones of an oval or fusiform shape

Catharanthus (Ammocallis, Pink Periwinkle, Rose Wine, Madagascar Wine, Cayenne Jasmine, Rose Periwinkle, Lochner)
(lat.Catharanthus)

A representative of the Kutrovy family, the catharanthus, Catharanthus is an annual or perennial flowering plant with no more than 8 species in its genus.

Catharanthus pink
(lat.Catharanthus roseus, Vinca rosea)

Cattleya (lat. Cattleya) is a member of the Orchid family (lat. Orchidaceae) and is a beautiful low, up to 50 cm, blooming orchid.

Cattleya hybrid
(lat.Cattleya hybrida)

Kinkan oval
(lat.Fortunella margarita)

Kinkan Japanese
(lat.Fortunella japonica)

Cypress is a very light-loving, but at the same time quite shade-tolerant plant. In the summertime, it is very important to shade the cypress from the direct rays of the sun. You can expose the plant to fresh air.

Evergreen cypress
(Latin Cupressus sempervirens)

Large cypress
(lat.Cypressus macrocarpa)

It is unacceptable to place a pot with a plant on the north side: with a lack of light, the delicate stalks of the sorrel will begin to stretch, the leaves will discolor and fade, and in the end the oxalis will stop blooming.

Kislitsa Depp
(Latin Oxalis deppei)

Purple oxalis
(Latin Oxalis purpurea)

Pink oxalis (Latin Oxalis rosea) belongs to the acid family (Latin Oxalidaceae) and is a perennial, herbaceous, low plant.

Triangular oxalis
(Latin Oxalis triangularis)

Chinese rose (Chinese hibiscus)
(lat.Hibiscus rosa-chinensis)

A representative of the cactus family Cleistocactus or Cleistocactus came to us from South America. The genus Cleistocactus consists of 50 species of cacti, differing in the shape of the stems.

Winter's Cleistocactus (Hildevinter Aureispin)
(lat.Cleistocactus winteri, Hildewintera aureispina)

Strauss's Cleistocactus
(lat.Cleistocactus strausii)

Clematis Duran (lat.Clematis durandii) belongs to the Buttercup family (lat.Ranunculaceae). It is a liana-like shrub, reaching up to 2 m in height.

Clerodendrum are extremely unassuming and can survive in almost any environment. But they feel best in conditions that are as close as possible to their natural habitat.

Clerodendrum brilliant
(lat.Clerodendrum splendens)

Mistress Thomson's Clerodendrum (Bleeding Heart)
(lat.Clerodendrum thomsonae)

During hibernation, the root system and tissues of the clerodendron absorb a lot of moisture, so the soil in the pot remains moist for a long time. Water the plant very carefully, no more than once every 7-10 days.

Clivia (House lily, Orange lily)
(lat.Clivia)

There are 6 types of clivia, differing from each other mainly in the structure of DNA, size, adaptation to climatic conditions. The species are described below as they spread to domestic crop production.

Clivia cinnabar (Clivia antimony red)
(lat.Clivia miniata)

Clusia is often compared to a similar ficus. Botanists identify at least 150 species of evergreen clusia - epiphytes growing on huge trees.

Clusia large (Clusia pink)
(lat.Clusia major)

Codeum (Codiaum, Kodium, Croton)
(lat.Codiaeum)

When buying a plant, you should pay attention to the color of the leaves. It should be bright, juicy, good when the veins are intensely colored.

Motley codiaum
(lat.Codiaeum variegatum)

Coconut is considered the most beautiful palm tree of its kind. It has bright green, long, very decorative leaves.

Walnut coconut (Coconut tree)
(lat.Cocos nucifera)

A native of the tropics of South and Central America, Kohleria or in Latin, Kohleria is a representative of the Gesneriaceae family and has more than 50 species in its genus.

Coleria hairy-flowered (Coleria fluffy-flowered)

Coleus (Nettle, Salinostemon, Decorative nettle)
(lat.Coleus)

The British, as the most enthusiastic breeders, were so successful in this art that after a couple of years at a horticultural auction they presented as many as 18 new varieties with outlandish brightly colored leaves and sold them for fabulous money!

Coleus Blume
(lat.Coleus blumeii)

Coleus hybrid
(lat.Coleus hybridus)

Another plus of taro is the edible tubers of exotic guests. They contain a lot of starch and are used boiled and fried for food.

Edible taro (taro)
(lat.Colocasia esculenta)

Columnea small-leaved (micriphilla) is a flowering plant, on the stems of which bright orange flowers bloom in the spring. From a distance, they resemble golden jumping fish, which is why flower growers call this variety among themselves - Goldfish.

Columney hybrid
(lat.Columnea hybrida)

The lovely Kolkwitzia (lat.Kolkwitzia amabilis) belongs to the Honeysuckle family (lat.Caprifoliaceae) and is an abundantly flowering ornamental shrub. It belongs to tall-growing representatives and can reach a height of up to 3 m.

Indoor oats (Queen's tears, Bilbergia drooping)
(lat.Billbergia nutans)

Conophytum differs from its congeners in that its gray-green or brown fleshy leaves grow together completely, forming a spherical or heart-shaped "body".

Coral tree (Ardisia, Ardisia crenate)
(lat.Ardisia crenata)

Caring for an indoor Ardisia flower is extremely simple: neutral soil, sunlight and moderate watering - these are the "three whales" on which the excellent health of this plant is built.

The homeland of the cordilina is the tropics and subtropics of Africa, Asia, America and Australia. There are at least 15 species of this plant, including trees and shrubs belonging to the genus cordilin and the agave family.

Cordilina apical (Cordilina shrub)
(lat.Cordyline terminalis, Cordyline fruticosa)

Southern cordilina
(lat.Cordyline australis)

Bridal basket (Angel trumpets, Peruvian daffodil, Early Ismene, Hymenokallis)
(lat.Hymenocallis)

Korinocarpus (Karinokarpus, New Zealand Laurel, Karaka)
(lat.Corynocarpus)

Corinocarpus belongs to the Corynocarpus family (Latin Corynocarpaceae) and is a slow-growing evergreen tree.

Corinocarpus smooth (Corinocarpus vulgaris, Corinocarpus angular, Corinocarpus smooth)
(lat.Corynocarpus laevigatus)

Coryphanta is a spherical or cylindrical cactus with papillae on their stems. Desert cacti have thick thorns instead of papillae.

Coriphanta elephant tooth (Elefantidens)
(lat.Coryphantha elephantidens)

Coryphanta woolly grooved (Sulcolanata)
(lat.Coryphantha sulcolanata)

As an ornamental plant, it spread throughout the world at the beginning of the 19th century. The homeland of the flower is the southern regions of North America. In the garden culture, kosmeya is grown as an annual.

Aspleniums, like all ferns, are shade-loving and cannot stand bright light: ultraviolet rays instantly darken, and then die off the leaves. It is best to place them on the northern windows, and in the summer to take them out into the garden and place them in the dense shade of trees.

Costus or in Latin Costus is a very ancient plant known for its many beneficial properties. Under natural conditions, there are about 150 species of the costus family.

Fiery red costus
(Latin Costus igneus)

Cotyledon is a fairly light-loving plant. When placing in an apartment, it is worth choosing southern windows.

Cotyledon wavy
(lat.Cotyledon undulata)

Coffee (Coffee tree)
(lat.Coffea)

The leaves of the plant are leathery, large, dark green. Its inflorescences - umbrellas, consist of 10-18 flowers, collected in a bunch. Flowers of a cream shade, on short legs, are formed on young stems.

Arabian coffee tree
(lat.Coffea arabica)

Nettle Leaf (Akalifa Wilkes)
(lat.Acalypha wilkesiana)

Crassula (Krasula, Fat woman, Zhiryanka)
(lat.Crassula)

Different types of Crassula differ little in terms of care. This is an unpretentious and hardy plant. But we must remember that the flower came to us from South Africa, and in nature it grows in a desert and semi-desert area, which means it cannot stand the bay.

Crassula muscosa
(lat.Crassula lycopodioides, Crassula muscosa)

Fat woman tetrahedral
(lat.Crassula tetragona)

Tree fat woman (Crassula)
(lat.Crassula arborescens)

Crassula silver (Crassula, Crassula oval, Crassula ovate, Money tree, Tree of happiness, Monkey tree, Bear's ear)
(lat.Crassula portulacea, Crassula ovata)

Fat woman sickle (Rohea sickle)
(lat.Crassula falcata, Crassula perfoliata var.falcata)

Rustic (Senezio, Kleinia)
(lat.Senecio)

Not all types of groundwort are suitable for outdoor cultivation. Most succulents are exotic guests from hot regions that won't survive cold winters.

Large-reed groundwort (False ivy)
(lat.Senecio macroglossus)

Seaside Rustic (Cineraria sea, Ash Rustic)
(lat.Senecio cineraria)

Rowley's Rusty (Rowell's Rustic, Strings of Pearls)
(lat.Senecio rowleyanus)

Stapeliform groundwort
(lat.Senecio stapeliaeformis)

The name krinum comes from the word crinis meaning "hair", which indicates the belt-like shape of the leaves.

Crinum American
(lat.Crinum americanum)

Crinum Mura (Latin Crinum moorei) belongs to the Amaryllis family (Latin Amaryllidaceae) and is a perennial bulbous plant.

Cryptantus (Earth Star, Starfish)
(lat.Cryptanthus)

Cryptanthus or in Latin Crypthanthus is the shortest representative of the bromeliad family, numbering about 20 species in its genus.

Criptanthus bromeliad
(lat.Cryptanthus bromelioides)

Hybrid cryptantus
(lat.Cryptanthus hybridus)

Criptanthus striated
(lat.Cryptanthus zonatus)

Adorned cryptanthus
(lat.Cryptanthus praetextus)

Cryptomeria
(lat.Cryptomeria)

There is only one type of cryptomeria in the world - Japanese (Cryptomeria Japonica). Primordial cryptomeria has a cylindrical trunk and a crown in the form of a narrowed pyramid.

Crossandra begins to delight with its flowering at a very young age, much earlier than other plants. But in order to achieve lush and long flowering, you need to know a few secrets.

Funnel-shaped crossandra (wavy crossandra)
(lat.Crossandra infundibuliformis)

Croton or codiaum is an ornamental leafy plant from the Euphorbia family. Codiaum flower growers are most often called croton flower. His homeland is Southeast Asia, mainly the islands of the Indian Ocean.

Xanthoceras rowan-leaved
(lat.Xanthoceras sorbifolia)

Xanthoceras mountain ash (Latin Xanthoceras sorbifolia) belongs to the Sapind family (Latin Sapindaceae). This is an ornamental medium-sized shrub or tree.

The foliage of the plant is painted with rhombuses, ovals, triangles or stripes with white-pink veins. And all this splendor is complemented by the burgundy or purple color of the back of the leaves. The ktenanta blooms with small nondescript spike-shaped inflorescences.

Ktenant Lubbers
(lat.Ctenanthe lubbersiana)

Ctenante Burle-Marxia
(lat.Ctenanthe burle-marxii)

Ktenante hairy
(lat.Ctenanthe pilosa)

Ktenante Oppenheim
(lat.Ctenanthe oppenheimiana)

Cunningamia lanceolate (Chinese spruce)
(lat.Cunninghamia lanceolata)

Cunningamia Chinese, belongs to the Taxodiaceae family (Latin Taxodiaceae) - an evergreen monoecious tree with a conical crown.

Kuril Daurian tea
(lat.Dasiphora davurica)
Daurian Kuril tea (lat.Dasiphora davurica) belongs to the Rosaceae family (lat.Rosaceae), which is a flowering ornamental shrub that reaches a height of 80 cm.

Curculigo is a member of the Hypoxia family (Latin Hypoxidaceae). The plant is evergreen, rhizome, is a herbaceous perennial, which in appearance resembles a palm tree with whole leaves.

Curculigo bent
(lat.Curculigo recurvata)

Turmeric belongs to the Ginger family (Latin Zingiberaceae) and is a herbaceous perennial plant. The rhizome is fleshy, thick, the shape is elongated. Turmeric leaves are oval, elongated.

Turmeric
(lat.Curcuma alismatifolia)

In nature, there are about 250 species of this plant. Among them there are both annuals and perennials. Indoor conditions most often grow kufeya hyssopolis, fiery red, micro-petal.

Kufea hyssopolis
(lat.Cuphea hyssopifolia)


Types of Crossandra

In the photo, the crossandra looks very impressive. This encourages professionals and amateur florists to purchase a flower to decorate an apartment, especially since the choice of varieties and colors is great.

Funnel-shaped crossandra (Crossandra infundibuliformis)

Funnel-shaped crossandra is a genus of bushes popular with flower growers. It is also called wavy crossandra. This variety has glossy, dark green leaves and orange buds. The bush grows slowly, but it grows large. It begins to bloom in the first year.

One of the famous varieties of this species is Crossandra Fortuna. Its representatives have a long flowering period. Inflorescences are yellow up to 15 cm long.

Prickly crossandra (Crossandra pungens)

This variety is distinguished by the dark color of the leaves with white veins. Their size ranges from 2.5 to 12 cm.The flowers are small, yellow.

Crossandra nilotica (Crossandra nilotica)

Nylotika is also called Red Crossandra. It has dark, leathery, dense leaves, pink or salmon inflorescences.

Crossandra guineensis

This variety is easy to distinguish by a number of characteristics:

  • the trunk is covered with short down
  • the top side of the leaf is green, and the bottom has streaks of red.
  • narrow inflorescences in the form of spikelets.
  • flowers are white or pale purple.

Crossandra tropic and other yellow and pink varieties

One of the variants of the funnel-shaped crossandra. Dark, green leaves with pointed, wavy edges. The length of the inflorescence reaches 10 cm.

Crossandra red

Refers to undersized varieties. The main distinguishing feature is red-orange inflorescences, reaching 15 cm.

Blue crossandra

It is also called "Blue Ice" for the amazing color of the petals. The leaves are dark, leathery, shiny.

Crossandra variegated

It differs from other representatives in the color of the leaves, on which there are multiple white spots. Plants of this variety are very demanding on lighting.

Ecbolium green

Lovers of an exotic flower are told about its rare Green Ice variety.However, professionals say that in this case we are talking about the Ekbolium plant. Like Crossandra, it belongs to the Acanthus family.

This explains their external similarity and confusion in terminology. This flower attracts lovers with a rare color of inflorescences - turquoise or sea waves.


Watch the video: Annual Show News but Cold Weather is hampering Plant growth.


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