Liliaceae


Galtonia (Latin Galtonia), or Cape hyacinth, is a bulbous perennial of the Liliaceae family from the Cape of Good Hope. The plant got its name in honor of Francis Galton, an English researcher of the flora of South Africa. In Europe, Galtonia has been cultivated as a late flowering plant since the seventies of the XIX century. Of the four natural species of the genus, mainly one is grown in culture - whitish galtonia, or whitening.


Garden purslane

Purslane is the most common garden weed. Its stems are creeping, brown, up to 40 cm long. The leaves are small, oblong-oval, dark green in color. The flowers are small, light yellow in color. Blooms in June and blooms until August. Seeds are thrown out in September.


The weed has an enviable vitality. It adapts to any kind of soil and various unfavorable conditions. It has long creeping roots that germinate even after weeding in case of rain. However, the stems of the weed are tender, not as sharp as those of wheatgrass, therefore they break easily. In addition to breaking through, mulching and autumn digging of the soil are effective methods of weed control. Mulching involves covering the soil with straw, which will inhibit the growth of weeds. Deep digging prevents the germination of purslane seeds.


How to propagate a daylily?

Popular breeding methods for daylilies are dividing the bush and transplanting air layers. Planting seeds is used more often in breeding work, since this method is not always suitable for preserving the varietal characteristics of a plant.

When to divide and replant daylilies?

We use the method of dividing the bush once every 5-7 years, when it is necessary to transplant an old plant: with a decrease in decorative characteristics and a deterioration in the quality of flowering. The permissible time for transplanting is late autumn (1.5 weeks before frost), or early spring (early-mid April).

How to propagate a daylily by dividing a bush:

  • we wash the roots, divide into divisions by hand or with a knife

  • we treat the cuts on the roots with a fungicide

  • we transplant the divisions to a new place, mulch the soil if necessary.

  • With proper planting, strong and sturdy divisions bloom in the first year after being placed in open ground.

How to propagate daylily with air layers

Small cuttings form on the stem in the leaf axils after flowering ends. Planting these seedlings is a simple method that allows you to get a full-fledged plant in the shortest possible time.

To do this, we perform the following actions:

  • after the stem has dried, cut off the ripe socket at a distance of 4 cm from the node
  • put the cuttings in water to get a strong root
  • before planting, we cut off the leaf bundle up to 8 cm for better plant development
  • we plant the cuttings in open ground 7 weeks before the onset of frost
  • we place the sprout so that the leaf nodule with roots is 1-2 cm below ground level, mulch the soil
  • if the transplant is carried out in late autumn, we plant the layering in a pot with light soil, sprinkle it on top with a 1-centimeter layer of sand, leave the plant in a bright and warm place.

We water the cuttings planted in pots throughout the winter, and in April we begin to temper: we take them outside, gradually increasing the time the young plant is in the fresh air. We plant in open ground at the end of May.


Coleus

There are so many types of Coleus in nature that it is sometimes difficult to choose the most beautiful of them. Moreover, not all of these plants are distinguished by decorative foliage, some still bloom very nicely, while other species have edible roots and leaves.

Coleus is still better known as an incredibly beautiful ornamental plant. The most popular types are Blume and Fershaffelt. If you want Coleus to show itself in all its glory, pick off the flowers. First, they are not very attractive. Second, blooming weakens the plants and prevents them from growing bright foliage.


Sources of

  • Bochantseva, Z.P. Tulips. Morphology, cytology and biology. - Tashkent: Publishing house of the Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek SSR, 1962.
  • Vikulin, Yu.S. All agricultural machinery of tulips // Floriculture. - 2011. - No. 2. - S. 40-42.
  • Zaitseva, E.N. Tulips. - M.: Gosselhozizdat, 1958.
  • Ivaschenko, A. A.Tulips and other bulbous plants in Kazakhstan. - Almaty: Publishing House "Dve Stolitsy", 2005. - 192 p.
  • Minoransky, V.A.Tulip carpets Primanychya // Donskoy Vremennik. Year 2016. - 2015. - S. 95-97.
  • Silina, Z.M. Tulips: biology and agricultural technology // Floriculture. - 1979. - No. 4. - S. 13-16.
  • Silina, Z.M. World selection trends // Floriculture. - 1983. - No. 2. - S. 15-17.
  • Khrustaleva, V.A. Diseases and pests // Floriculture. - 1983. - No. 2. - S. 19-21.


Watch the video: Plant Kingdom- Solanaceae u0026 Liliaceae. Botany Module. NCERT Topper Batch 2021. Vedantu Biotonic


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